The Games was officially opened by Vice President Michel Temer as the acting president of Brazil. This was the first time that the Olympics were held in South America. This was the first time that the event was held in a Portuguese-speaking country, the first to be held entirely in the Winter, the first since 1968 to be held in Latin America and the first since 2000 to be held in the Souther Hemisphere.
207 nations participated in the event with the exception of Kuwait. Kuwait was banned in October of last year for the second time in five years over government interference in the country's Olympic committee.
Due to the European migrant crisis among other reasons, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) allowed athletes to compete as Independent Olympians under the Olympic Flag. In previous Games, refugees were ineligible to complete because of their inability to represent their home NOVs. As recent as 2 March 2016, the IOC finalised its plans for a specific Refugee Olympic Team (ROT). 10 refugee athletes were chosen to from the team out of 43 deemed potentially eligible to participate in the Games.
The Games had 306 events in 28 sports with golf being deemed as a Olympic sport for the first time since 1904. 11,544 athletes participated in the Olympics.
The cost of mounting the Games of the XXXI Olympiad was R$29.7 billion ($9.26 billion) were spent since Rio de Janeiro won the bid to host the games on 2 October 2009.
A total of 87 countries won at least one medal with 59 countries winning at least one gold medal.
Here are the final medal counts for the top ten countries with the most medals in the Olympics. Results in bold indicate the most medals. In parenthesis, numbers in gold indicate gold medals, silver for silver medals and bronze for bronze medals.
Final Olympic Medal Count
1. United States of America (USA): 121 medals (461-372-383)
2. China (CHN): 70 medals (26-18-26)
3. Great Britain (GBR): 67 medals (27-23-17)
4. Russia (RUS): 56 medals (19-18-19)
5. Germany (GER): 42 medals (17-10-15)
6. France (FRA): 42 medals (10-18-14)
7. Japan (JPN): 41 medals (12-8-21)
8. Australia (AUS): 29 medals (8-11-10)
9. Italy (ITA): 28 medals (8-12-8)
10. Canada (CAN): 22 medals (4-3-15)
bold - most overall medal counts
italic - host nation
1 - most gold medals
2 - most silver medals
3 - most bronze medals
A total of 975 medals were award in these events, this includes 307 gold medals, 307 silver medals and 361 bronze medals. Congratulations to the Untied States of America for winning the most medals (gold, silver and bronze) in the Games of the XXXI Olympiad.
With the Games over, there are less than 18 months until the Games of the XXIII Winter Olympiad in Pyeongchang, South Korea!